Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Tax and Customs

The National Tax and Customs Administration of Hungary (NTCA) together with the Hungarian National University of Civil Service held an international professional and academic conference “Innovations in Public Administration – Big Data and Artificial Intelligence in Tax and Customs” on May 3-4, 2023 at the premises of the Regional Training Center of the World Customs Organization (WCO RTC, Budapest).

The event was attended by 370 delegates (270 of them in online discussion format) from 36 foreign countries, including a representative of the Department for Specialized Training and Canine Services of the State Customs Service, as well as international organizations (IOTA, OECD, WCO and European Commission’s DG TAXUD).

The speakers demonstrated the achievements of their countries in the process of digitization of commercial document flow processes and the active implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) for the analysis and performance of control functions regarding fiscal operations,  in particular in the following areas:

– application of AI for automated recognition of controlled goods on images obtained with the help of scanning systems (discussed the features of various approaches to detecting anomalies: comparison with contours of smuggling items, analysis of homogeneity of physical parameters of goods, application of best practices for studying images in medical practice, etc.);

– automated monitoring of the connection of commercial activities of companies (is an important factor in the control of the level of the customs value of goods, as well as in solving the issue of VAT reimbursement);

– use of AI to control the correctness of the classification of goods according to the Harmonized System (the complexity of the classification of individual goods, variable approaches to the analysis of large volumes of information, modern challenges and ways to overcome them were considered).

The conference became a professional platform for discussing the best practices of working with big data and artificial intelligence in Tax and Customs, and also contributed to the development of international cooperation of specialists involved in this field.

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